Coronavirus infection (COVID-19) is an illness caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus. It is an infectious disease.
According to the World Health Organization, the majority of people who become infected with the COVID-19 virus will experience respiratory illness on mild to moderate scales with recovery that does not require special treatment. However, some who contract the virus will become seriously ill and require medical attention.
Older persons and those who have underlying medical issues such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory illness, or cancer are more likely to become seriously ill. COVID-19 can affect anybody at any age and cause serious illness or death regardless of age.
The greatest way to prevent and slow the spread of the virus is to be well-informed about it and how it spreads. Wash your hands or use an alcohol-based rub frequently, avoid touching others, and maintain at least 1 meter of distance from others to prevent infection. When it’s your turn, be vaccinated, and follow local recommendations.
The virus is carried in tiny liquid particles when people cough, sneeze, talk, sing, or breathe. The particles in the air vary from those that are big respiratory droplets to smaller aerosols. It’s crucial to follow respiratory etiquette, such as by coughing into a flexed elbow, and staying home and isolating oneself until you feel well again.